Keys to Interactive Parenting Scale

Submitted by mholliday on Thu, 08/01/2013 - 14:17

Overview

Acronym: 
KIPS
Author(s): 
Comfort, M., PhD, MPH & Gordon, P.R., PhD
Citation: 

Comfort, M., Gordon, P.R. & Naples, D. (2011). KIPS: An Evidence-Based Tool for Asessing Parenting Strengths and Needs in Diverse Families. Infants & Young Children, 24(1), 56-74

Obtain(Email/Website): 

Place an order for online or onsite KIPS training (required) and materials at: http://comfortconsults.com

Cost: 
Cost Involved
Copyrighted: 
Yes
Measure Description: 

KIPS is a structured observation tool to assess parent-child interaction during play. KIPS assesses the parent's (or other significant caregiver's) behavior in the context of the child's needs. To ensure reliability, the play session is often videotaped and scored later.

Domain(s) Assessed : 
Parenting
Language(s) : 
English
Spanish
Age Range: 
2 month - 71 months
Measure Type: 
General Assessment
# of Items: 
12
Measure Format: 
Observational Measure
Average Time to Complete (min): 
observe 15 min of play, 5 minutes of clean up time (if developmentally appropriate)
Average Time to Score (min): 
15
Periodicity: 
Timing of the KIPS assessment is flexible, depending on the purpose, intensity of parenting services and coordination with other assessments.
Response Format: 

5-point rating scale with behavior descriptors at the odd points. Check NOB when behavior is not observed.

Materials Needed: 
Paper/Pencil
Sample Item(s): 
DomainsScalesSample Items
Building RelationshipsRate on 1 to 5 scale using behavioral descriptorsHow well does the Parent support the Child's emotions?
Promoting (Child's) LearningRate on 1 to 5 scale using behavioral descriptorsHow actively does the Parent engage the Child in language experiences?
Supporting (Child's) ConfidenceRate on 1 to 5 scale using behavioral descriptors

How supportive are the Parent's directions to the Child?

Information Provided: 
Clinician Friendly Output

Training

Administration Training: 
Other
Other Administration Training: 
Online or onsite training by scale developers, with annual online recertification to ensure scoring reliability
Training to Interpret: 
Other
Other Training to Interpret: 
Scoring practice with local families and ongoing supervision highly recommended after initial training

Parallel/Alternate Forms

Parallel Form: 
No
Alternate Form: 
No
Different Age Forms: 
No
Altered Version Forms: 
No

Psychometrics

If Yes, Specify Cutoffs: 
Rather than clinical cutoffs, which depend on the particular characteristic of the service population, we have established guidelines to interpret changes in aggregated scores for program evaluation. The KIPS item behavior descriptors allow the scores to be organized as follows to track the progress of the families enrolled in the intervention program: - Low quality - KIPS mean 1.0-2.9 (indicating parenting concerns) - Moderate quality - KIPS mean 3.0-3.9 - High quality - KIPS mean 4.0-5.0
Reliability: 
Type:RatingStatisticsMinMaxAvg
Test-RetestAcceptablePearson correlation0.88
Internal ConsistencyAcceptableChronbach's Alpha0.95
Inter-raterAcceptablePearson correlation0.89
References for Reliability: 

Comfort, M., Gordon, P.R. & Unger, D.G. (2006). Keys to Interactive Parenting Scale: A Window Into Many Facets of Parenting. Zero to Three Journal, 26(5), 37-44.

Comfort, M., Gordon, P.R. & Naples, D. (2011).  KIPS: An Evidence-Based Tool for Assessing Parenting Strengths and Needs in Diverse Families. Infants & Young Children, 24(1), 56-74.

Content Validity Evaluated: 
Yes
References for Content Validity: 

KIPS was developed through a series of steps which included expert and literature reviews and practitioner focus groups.

Comfort, M. & Gordon, P.R. (2006). The Keys to Interactive Parenting Scale (KIPS): A Practical Observational Assessment of Parenting Behavior. NHSA Dialog: A Research-To-Practice Journal for the Early Intervention Field, 9(1), 22-48.

Construct Validity Evaluated: 
Yes
Construct Validity: 
Validity TypeNot knownNot foundNonclincal SamplesClinical SamplesDiverse Samples
Convergent/Concurrentx
Discriminant
Sensitive to Changex
Intervention Effectsx
Longitudinal/Maturation Effects
Sensitive to Theoretically Distinct Groupsx
Factorial Validityx
References for Construct Validity: 

Comfort, M., Gordon, P.R. & Naples, D. (2011).  KIPS: An Evidence-Based Tool for Assessing Parenting Strengths and Needs in Diverse Families. Infants & Young Children, 24(1), 56-74.

Comfort, M., Gordon, P.R., English, B., Hacker, K., Hembree, R., Knight, R., & Miller, C. (2010). Keys to Interactive Parenting Scale: KIPS Shows How Parents Grow. Zero to Three Journal, 30(4), 33-39.

Carta, J., Lefever,, J.B., Bigelow, K., Borkowski, J. & Warren, SF. (in press, Pediatrics) Randomized trial of a cellular-phone enhanced home visitation parenting intervention. Manuscript received from authors.

Criterion Validity Evaluated: 
Yes
Criterion Validity: 
Not KnownNot FoundNonclinical SamplesClinical SamplesDiverse Samples
Predictive Validity:x
Postdictive Validity:
References for Criterion Validity: 

Comfort, M., Gordon, P.R. & Naples, D. (2011). KIPS: An Evidence-Based Tool for Assessing Parenting Strengths and Needs in Diverse Families. Infants & Young Children, 24(1), 56-74.

Overall Psychometric Limitations: 

KIPS validation studies were conducted with families recruited through family service programs. Many of these were low-income families who reported histories of challenging life circumstances that qualified them for enrollment in the service programs.

Translation Quality

Language(s) Other Than English: 
Language:TranslatedBack TranslatedReliableGood PsychometricsSimilar Factor StructureNorms AvailableMeaure Developed for this Group
1. Englishxx
2. Spanishxxx

Population Information

Population Used For Measure Development: 

Pilot studies included community-based samples recruited from childcare centers, Head Start and family residential treatment for mothers recover from substance abuse.  KIPS validation studies, supported by the National Center for Child Health and Human Development, were conducted with families recruited through family service programs.  All were receiving home visits.  Many of these were low-income families who reported histories of challenging life circumstances that qualified them for enrollment in the service programs.  Parents/caregivers were primarily African American, European American and Latino mothers, with nearly 10% fathers, ages 14-69 years. Children were 2 months-5years of age, nearly equal by gender, and 86% were developing typically.

Pros & Cons/References

Pros: 

·         Identifies specific parenting strengths and needs

·         Guides staff observations and insights

·         Tracks family progress

·         Documents parenting outcomes

·         Offers common language for family case reviews

·         Provides learning tool for reflective practice

 

Cons: 

·         KIPS requires 10 hours of initial training with certification exam

·         KIPS requires annual recertification for use

·         Ongoing supervision is recommended

·         Video is recommended

Author Comments : 

Information on the KIPS tool, training, library resources, and publications is available at http://comfortconsults.com .  We welcome inquiries via email  at info@comfortconsults.com.

References: 

 Comfort, M., Gordon, P.R. & Naples, D. (2011).  KIPS: An evidence-based tool for assessing parenting strengths and needs in diverse families. Infants & Young Children, 24(1), 56-74.

Comfort, M., Gordon, P.R., English, B., Hacker, K., Hembree, R., Knight, R., & Miller, C. (2010). Keys to Interactive Parenting Scale: KIPS shows how parents grow. Zero to Three Journal, 30(4), 33-39. 

Comfort, M. & Gordon, P.R. (2006). The Keys to Interactive Parenting Scale (KIPS): A practical observational assessment of parenting behavior. NHSA Dialog: A Research-To-Practice Journal for the Early Intervention Field, 9(1), 22-48.

Comfort, M., Gordon, P.R. & Unger, D.G. (2006). Keys to Interactive Parenting Scale: A window into many facets of parenting. Zero to Three Journal, 26(5), 37-44.

Carta, J., Lefever,, J.B., Bigelow, K., Borkowski, J. & Warren, SF. (in press, Pediatrics) Randomized trial of a cellular-phone enhanced home visitation parenting intervention. Manuscript received from authors.

 

Developer of Review: 
Marilee Comfort, KIPS co-developer, Comfort Consults
Editor of Review: 
Marilee Comfort, KIPS co-developer, Comfort Consults
Last Updated: 
Thu, 08/01/2013
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