Brief Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment - Parent Form ( BITSEA - PARENT FORM )
Carter, A.S., & Briggs-Gowan, M. (2005). ITSEA BITSEA: The Infant-Toddler and Brief Infant Toddler Social Emotional Assessment. PsychCorp: San Antonio, TX.
Margaret.Briggs-Gowan@yale.edu or Alice.Carter@umb.edu /
The BITSEA is a brief screener of children's social or emotional behavior problems and competencies based on the Infant Toddler Social Emotional Assessment (ITSEA). As with the ITSEA, it was designed to identify children with deficits or delays in these areas, with positive screens to be followed by administration of the full ITSEA. The measure yields a Problem Total Score and a Competence Total Score. There are two versions, a Parent Form and a Childcare Provider Form, both are reviewed in this database.
3-point scale: 0=Not true/rarely, 1=Somewhat true/sometimes, and 2=Very true/often. A "No Opportunity" code allows raters to indicate they have not had the opportunity to observe the behavior.
There are no norms, but the manual provides means and standard deviations by gender and age (12-17 months, 18-23 months, 24-29 months, 30-35 months) for preliminary comparison purposes.
Pros & Cons/References
1. The items appear clear and easy to understand.
2. The measure was developed specifically to assess infants and toddlers, and includes items that are developmentally sensitive and relevant to young children.
3. Assesses competencies as well as problem behaviors.
4. The measure appears to be a good screener in that scores are highly correlated with both the full ITSEA and the CBCL.
5. The measure is brief and can be administered in 6 minutes.
6. There is a Childcare Provider version with identical items and scales to allow for comparisons between reporters.
1. The age range of the measure 1-3 is awkward for treatment-outcome research and longitudinal studies because children need to fall in that age range at pre-, post-, and follow-up assessment periods.
2. There are no norms.
3. The measure consists of 42 items, but it yields scores on only two scales. This limits the utility of this measure. The authors suggest that positive screens on the BITSEA be followed by the ITSEA.
4. With regard to using the measure for trauma-exposed children, there is no scale that directly measures trauma symptoms, so another measure would need to be used to capture trauma symptomatology.
5. As with most Parent Report measures, items are face valid and parent may respond defensively or in biased ways. There are no validity scales associated with this measure.