PTSD in Preschool Aged Children

Submitted by mholliday on Tue, 09/25/2012 - 13:51

Overview

Acronym: 
PTSD-PAC
Author(s): 
Levendosky, A.A., Huth-Bocks, A.C., Semel, M.A., & Shapiro, D.L.
Citation: 

Levendosky, A.A., Huth-Bocks, A.C., Semel, M.A., & Shapiro, D.L. (2002). Trauma symptoms in preschool-age children exposed to violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 17, 150-164.

Obtain(Email/Website): 

levendo1@msu.edu

Cost: 
Free
Copyrighted: 
No
Measure Description: 

The PTSD-PAC is an 18-item caregiver report measure of PTSD symptoms in young children aged 2-5. It measures symptoms from the DSM-IV criteria B, C, and D. It also includes items from the DC: 0-3 criteria for PTSD in infants and very young children. It should be used for PTSD screening purposes only.

 

Domain(s) Assessed : 
Traumatic Stress
Language(s) : 
English
Age Range: 
3-5
Measure Type: 
Screening
# of Items: 
18
Measure Format: 
Questionnaire
Average Time to Complete (min): 
10
Reporter Type: 
Parent/Caregiver
Average Time to Score (min): 
5
Periodicity: 
None given
Response Format: 

It is a Yes/No format. Yes indicates the presence of symptoms, and No indicates their absence.

Materials Needed: 
Paper/Pencil
Information Provided: 
Areas of Concern/Risks
Continuous Assessment
Diagnostic Info DSM IV
Raw Scores

Training

Training to Interpret: 
Other
Other Training to Interpret: 
There is no training required to administer and only minimal trainng by a psychologist needed to interpret. One would need familiarity with the DSM-IV criteria for PTSD to adequately interpret the measure.

Psychometrics

Clinical Cutoffs: 
Yes
If Yes, Specify Cutoffs: 
To meet DSM-IV criteria for PTSD, must have 1 Reexperiencing symptom, 3 Avoidance symptoms, and 2 Arousal symptoms.
Reliability: 
Type:RatingStatisticsMinMaxAvg
Test-Retest
Internal Consistency
Inter-rater
Parallel/Alternate Forms
Construct Validity: 
Validity TypeNot knownNot foundNonclincal SamplesClinical SamplesDiverse Samples
Convergent/Concurrent
Discriminant
Sensitive to Change
Intervention Effects
Longitudinal/Maturation Effects
Sensitive to Theoretically Distinct Groups
Factorial Validity
Criterion Validity: 
Not KnownNot FoundNonclinical SamplesClinical SamplesDiverse Samples
Predictive Validity:
Postdictive Validity:

Population Information

Population Used For Measure Development: 


 

Pros & Cons/References

Pros: 

Quick to administer and score with items related to DSM-IV criteria for PTSD.

Cons: 

Parent report form only with no direct assessment of the child. 2. The measure has been used with only one small sample of children and has limited psychometrics.

Author Comments : 

Author reviewed, but made no additional comments.

Developer of Review: 
Carla Stover, Ph.D.
Editor of Review: 
Madhur Kulkarni, M.S.
Last Updated: 
Mon, 01/20/2014
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