The reference for the manual is:
Kisiel, C., Lyons, J.S., Blaustein, M., Fehrenbach, T., Griffin, G., Germain, J., Saxe,
G., Ellis, H., Praed Foundation, & National Child Traumatic Stress Network. (2011). Child and
adolescent needs and strengths (CANS) manual: The NCTSN CANS Comprehensive – Trauma
Version: A comprehensive information integration tool for children and adolescents exposed to
traumatic events. Chicago, IL: Praed Foundation/Los Angeles, CA & Durham, NC: National
Center for Child Traumatic Stress.
Kisiel, C.L., Blaustein, M., Fogler, J., Ellis, H. Saxe, G., (2009). Treating children with
traumatic experiences: Understanding and assessing needs and strengths. In J.S. Lyons, D.A. Weiner
(Eds.),Behavioral Health Care: Assessment, Service Planning and Total Clinical Outcomes. Kingston,
NJ: Civic Research Institute
Kisiel, C.L., Blaustein, M., Fogler, J., Ellis, H., & Saxe, G. (2009). Treating children with traumatic experiences: Understanding and assessing needs and strengths. Emotional and Behavioral Disorders in Youth, Winter 2009, 13-19.
Kisiel, C.L., Fehrenbach, T., Small, L., Lyons, J. (2009) Assessment of complex trauma
exposure, responses and service needs among children and adolescents in child welfare. Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma, 2, 143-160.