Medical Trauma Reading List

This reading list was compiled by experts in the National Child Traumatic Stress Network. It includes important recent work as well as classic books and articles on medical trauma by Network and other experts in the field. 

Clicking on SUMMARY will open a new window with a summary of the selected article. We provide in-depth summaries for many of the works written by members of the NCTSN.

Because most books and articles are protected by copyright law, we cannot provide copies of them or links to full text. But whenever possible, we have provided links to articles on publishers' websites, where you may be able to access the full article, depending on the publisher's policy. You can also contact your local public, medical, or university library for help if you would like to read the full publications.

Page Contents:

Overview Articles

Bronfman ET, Biron Campis L, and Koocher GP. "Helping children to cope: Clinical issues for acutely injured and medically traumatized children," Professional Psychology, Research and Practice vol 29: 574-81. 1998.

Horowitz L, Kassam-Adams N, and Bergstein J. "Mental health aspects of emergency medical services for children: Summary of a consensus conference," Journal of Pediatric Psychology vol 26: 491-502. 2001. (Published concurrently in Academic Emergency Medicine vol 8: 1187-96, 2001.) Click here to find this article on the publisher's website. doi:10.1037/0735-7028.29.6.574

Kassam-Adams N and Fein J. "Posttraumatic stress disorder and injury," Clinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine vol 4: 148-55. 2003. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website. doi:10.1016/S1522-8401(03)00019-3

Kazak A. "Comprehensive care for children with cancer and their families: A social ecological framework guiding research, practice and policy," Children's Services: Social Policy, Research and Practice vol 4: 217-33. 2001. doi:10.1207/S15326918CS0404_05

Landolt MA, Vollrath M, Ribi K, Gnehm HE, and Sennhauser FH. "Incidence and associations of parental and child posttraumatic stress symptoms in pediatric patients," Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry vol 44: 1199-1207. 2003. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website. doi: 10.1111/1469-7610.00201

Meyer EC, DeMaso DR, and Koocher GP. "Mental health consultation in the pediatric intensive care unit," Professional Psychology: Research and Practice vol 27(2): 130-136. 1996. doi:10.1037/0735-7028.27.2.130

Saxe G, Vanderbilt D, and Zuckerman B. "Traumatic stress in injured and ill children," PTSD Research Quarterly vol 14: 1-3. 2003. Click here to access a PDF version of this article on the publisher's website.

Stoddard F and Saxe G. "Ten-year research review of physical injuries," Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry vol 40: 1128-45. 2001. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website. doi:10.1097/00004583-200110000-00007

Stuber ML, Shemesh E, and Saxe GN. "Posttraumatic stress responses in children with life-threatening illnesses," Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America vol 12: 195-209. 2003. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website. doi:10.1016/S1056-4993(02)00100-1

Winston FK, Kassam-Adams N, Garcia-España F, Ittenbach R, and Cnaan A. "Screening for risk of persistent posttraumatic stress in injured children and their parents," Journal of the American Medical Association vol 290(5): 643-649. 2003. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website. doi:10.1001/jama.290.5.643

Zatzick D and Roy-Byrne P. "Developing high-quality interventions for posttraumatic stress disorder in the acute care medical setting," Seminars in Clinical Neuropsychiatry vol 8: 158-67. 2003.

 

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Empirical Studies: Assessment /Intervention

Kazak AE, Alderfer M, Streisand R, Simms S, Rourke M, Barakat L, Gallagher P, and Cnaan A. "Treatment of posttraumatic stress symptoms in adolescent survivors of childhood cancer and their families," Journal of Family Psychology vol 18(3): 493-504. 2004. doi:10.1037/0893-3200.18.3.493

Kazak AE, Cant C, Jensen MM, McSherry M, Rourke MT, Hwang W-T, Alderfer MA, Beele D, Simms S, and Lange BJ. "Identifying psychosocial risk indicative of subsequent resource use in families of newly diagnosed pediatric oncology patients," Journal of Clinical Oncology vol 21:3220-5. 2003. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website. doi:10.1200/JCO.2003.12.156

Melnyk BM, Alpert-Gillis L, Feinstein NF, Crean HF, Johnson J, Fairbanks E, Small L, Rubenstein J, Slota M, and Corbo-Richert B. "Creating opportunities for parent empowerment: Program effects on the mental health/coping outcomes of critically ill children and their mothers," Pediatrics vol 113: e597-e607. 2004. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website.

Robert R, Blakeney P, Villarreal C, Rosenberg L, and Meyer WJ. "Imipramine treatment in pediatric burn patients with symptoms of Acute Stress Disorder: A pilot study," Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry vol 38: 873-82. 1999. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website. doi:10.1097/00004583-199907000-00018

 

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Empirical Studies: Prevalence and Etiology

Aaron J, Zaglul H, and Emery RE. "Posttraumatic stress in children following acute physical injury," Journal of Pediatric Psychology vol 24(4): 335-343. 1999. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website. doi:10.1093/jpepsy/24.4.335

Boyer BA, Knolls ML, Kafkalas CM, Tollen LG, and Swartz M. "Prevalence and relationships of posttraumatic stress in families experiencing pediatric spinal cord injury," Rehabilitation Psychology vol 54(4): 339-355. 2000. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website. doi:10.1037/0090-5550.45.4.339

Daviss W, Mooney D, Racusin R, Ford JD, Fleischer A, and McHugo GJ. "Predicting posttraumatic stress after hospitalization for pediatric injury," Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry vol 39: 576-83. 2000. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website. doi: 10.1097/00004583-200005000-00011

Daviss W, Racusin R, Fleischer A, Mooney D, Ford JD, and McHugo GJ. "Acute stress disorder symptomatology during hospitalization for pediatric injury," Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry vol 39(5): 569-575. 2000. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website. doi:10.1097/00004583-200005000-00010

DeVries AP, Kassam-Adams N, Cnaan A, Sherman-Slate E, Gallagher PR, and Winston FK. "Looking beyond the physical injury: Posttraumatic stress in parents and children after pediatric traffic injury," Pediatrics vol 104(6): 1293-1299. 1999. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website. doi: 10.1542/peds.104.6.1293

Fein J, Kassam-Adams N, Gavin M, Huang R, Blanchard D, and Datner E. "Persistence of post-traumatic stress in violently injured youth seen in the emergency department," Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine vol 156: 836-40. 2002.

Fein J, Kassam-Adams N, Vu T, and Datner E. "Emergency department evaluation of acute stress disorder symptoms in violently injured youths," Annals of Emergency Medicine vol 38: 391-396. 2001. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website. doi:10.1067/mem.2001.118225

Kassam-Adams N and Winston FK. "Predicting child PTSD: The relationship between acute stress disorder and PTSD in injured children," Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry vol 43(4): 403-411. 2004. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website. doi:10.1097/00004583-200404000-00006 

Levi RB, Drotar D, Yeates KO, and Taylor HG. "Posttraumatic stress symptoms in children following orthopedic or traumatic brain injury," Journal of Clinical Child Psychology vol 28: 232-43. 1999. doi:10.1207/s15374424jccp2802_10

Saxe GN, Stoddard FJ, Courtney D, Cunningham K, Chawla N, Sheridan RL, King DL, and King LA. "Relationship between acute morphine and the course of PTSD in children with burns," Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry vol 40: 915-21. 2001. doi: 10.1097/00004583-200108000-00013

Winston FK, Kassam-Adams N, Vivarelli-O'Neill C, Ford J, Newman E, Baxt C, Stafford P, and Cnaan A. "Acute stress disorder symptoms in children and their parents after pediatric traffic injury," Pediatrics vol 109: e90. 2002. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website.

Zink KA and McCain GC. "Post-traumatic stress disorder in children and adolescents with motor vehicle-related injuries," Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing vol 8: 99-106. 2003. doi:10.1111/j.1088-145X.2003.00099.x

 

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Cancer

Alderfer MA, Labay LE, and Kazak AE. "Brief report: Does posttraumatic stress apply to siblings of childhood cancer survivors?" Journal of Pediatric Psychology vol 28: 281-86. 2003. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website. doi:10.1093/jpepsy/jsg016

Barakat LP, Kazak AE, Gallagher PR, Meeske K, and Stuber M. "Posttraumatic stress symptoms and stressful life events predict the long-term adjustment of survivors of childhood cancer and their mothers," Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings vol 7(4): 189-196.2000. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website. doi:10.1023/A:1009516928956

Barakat LP, Kazak AE, Meadows AT, Casey R, Meeske K, and Stuber M. "Families surviving childhood cancer: A comparison of posttraumatic stress symptoms with families of healthy children," Journal of Pediatric Psychology vol 22(6): 843-859. 1997. doi:10.1093/jpepsy/22.6.843

Brown RT, Madan-Swain A, and Lambert R. "Posttraumatic stress symptoms in adolescent survivors of childhood cancer and their mothers," Journal of Traumatic Stress vol 16: 309-18. 2003. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website. doi:10.1023/A:1024465415620

Kazak AF, Alderfer M, Rourke MT, Simms S, Streisand R, and Grossman JR. "Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) in families of adolescent childhood cancer survivors," Journal of Pediatric Psychology vol 29: 211-19. 2004. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website. doi:10.1093/jpepsy/jsh022

Langeveld NE, Grootenhuis MA, Voute PA, and De Haan RJ. "Posttraumatic stress symptoms in adult survivors of childhood cancer," Pediatric Blood and Cancer vol 42: 604-10. 2004. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website. doi:10.1002/pbc.20024

Manne S, DuHamel K, Ostroff J, Parsons S, Martini DR, Williams SE, Mee L, Sexson S, Austin J, Difede J, Rini C, and Redd WH. "Anxiety, depressive, and posttraumatic stress disorders among mothers of pediatric survivors of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation," Pediatrics vol 113(6): 1700-08. 2004. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website.

Shemesh E, Lurie S, Stuber ML, Emre S, Patel Y, Vohra P, Aromando M, and Shneider BL."A pilot study of posttraumatic stress and nonadherence in pediatric liver transplant recipients," Pediatrics vol 105(2): e29. 2000. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website. doi:10.1542/peds.105.2.e29

Stuber ML, Kazak AE, Meeske KA, Barakat LP, Guthrie D, Garnier H, Pynoos, RS, and Meadows AT. "Predictors of posttraumatic stress in childhood cancer survivors," Pediatrics vol 100(6): 958-964. 1997. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website. doi:10.1542/peds.100.6.958

Stuber ML, Nader KO, Houskamp BM, and Pynoos RS. "Appraisal of life threat and acute trauma responses in pediatric bone marrow transplant patients," Journal of Traumatic Stress vol 9(4): 673-686. 1996. doi:10.1002/jts.2490090402

 

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Other Diseasers and Disorders

Balluffi A, Kassam-Adams N, Kazak A, Tucker M, Dominguez T, and Helfaer M. "Traumatic stress in parents of children admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit," Pediatric Critical Care Medicine vol 5(6): 547-553. 2004. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website. doi:10.1097/01.PCC.0000137354.19807.44

Connolly DM, McClowry S, Hayman L, Mahony L, and Artman M. "Posttraumatic stress disorder in children after cardiac surgery," Journal of Pediatrics vol 144(4): 480-84. 2004. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2003.12.048

DeMier RL, Hynan MT, Harris HB, and Manniello RL. "Perinatal stressors as predictors of symptoms of posttraumatic stress in mothers of infants at high risk," Journal of Perinatology vol 16 (4): 276-80. 1996.

Landolt MA, Ribi K, Laimbacher J, Vollrath M, Gnehm HE, and Sennhauser FH. "Posttraumatic stress disorder in parents of children with newly diagnosed type I diabetes," Journal of Pediatric Psychology vol 27(7): 647-52. 2002. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website. doi:10.1093/jpepsy/27.7.647

Noyes J. "The impact of knowing your child is critically ill: A qualitative study of mothers' experiences," Journal of Advanced Nursing vol 29(2): 427-435. 1999. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2648.1999.00906.x

Shemesh E, Lurie S, Stuber ML, Emre S, Patel Y, Vohra P, Aromando M, and Shneider BL "A pilot study of posttraumatic stress and nonadherence in pediatric liver transplant recipients," Pediatrics 105(2): e29. 2000. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website. doi:10.1542/peds.105.2.e29

Young GS, Mintzer LL, Seacord D, Casteneda M, Mesrkhani V, and Stuber ML. "Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder in parents of transplant recipients: Incidence, severity, and related factors," Pediatrics vol 111(6): e725-e731. 2003.

 

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Procedures and Pain

Gavin LA and Roesler TA. "Posttraumatic distress in children and families after intubation," Pediatric Emergency Care vol 13(3): 222-224. 1997.

Powers SW. "Empirically supported treatments in pediatric psychology: Procedure-related pain," Journal of Pediatric Psychology vol 24(2): 131-145. 1999. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website. doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/24.2.131

Rennick JE, Johnston CC, Dougherty G, Platt R, and Ritchie JA. "Children's psychological responses after critical illness and exposure to invasive technology," Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics vol 23(3): 133-44. 2002. Doi:10.1097/00004703-200206000-00002

Shaw RJ, Robinson TE, and Steiner H. "Acute stress disorder following ventilation," Psychosomatics vol 43(1): 74-6. 2002.Click here to find this article on the publisher's website. Doi: 10.1176/appi.psy.43.1.74

From the Pediatric Medical Traumatic Stress Toolkit for Health Care Providers: Suggested Resources for Parents

 

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